Table of Contents:
  • Racial nativism in America until 1850
  • Beginning of the Negroization of the Chinese in California, 1850-53
  • "Copper of the Pacific" and "the Ebony of the Atlantic" : race relations, 1854-60
  • Race relations in the Civil War era
  • Congressional Reconstruction and the race questions, 1865-69
  • Americans and the Chinese question, 1865-69
  • Chinese labor in the South and in New England, 1865-70
  • Chinese immigrants, African Americans, and the retreat from Reconstruction, 1870-74
  • Race relations in California, 1870-74
  • Intensification of the anti-Chinese movement, 1874-80
  • Politics of racism in the Chinese exclusion debates, 1879-82