Butler family papers
Pierce Butler resigned his commission in Her Majesty's 29th Regiment in 1773 and devoted his life to planting and politics. From 1778 to 1782 and from 1784 to 1789, he was a representative in the South Carolina state legislature. He disregarded the planter-merchant group in politics, champion...
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8.0 Linear feet 8 linear feet, 17 boxes, 1 flat file
Pierce Butler resigned his commission in Her Majesty's 29th Regiment in 1773 and devoted his life to planting and politics. From 1778 to 1782 and from 1784 to 1789, he was a representative in the South Carolina state legislature. He disregarded the planter-merchant group in politics, championing the democrats of the back country. He pushed for reform of representation, removal of the state capital, and revaluation of property. As a delegate to the Federal Convention, he proposed a strong central government with property as part of the basis for representation. He was the author of the fugitive slave clause. Though strong in the back country, his support waned in the tide waters. He resigned from politics in 1806 and retired to his plantations in South Carolina.
These papers concern Major Pierce Butler, his estate, and his heirs. The family members represented include: Sir Thomas Butler, Sir Richard Butler, Sarah Middleton Guerard, Benjamin Guerard, Mary Izard Brewton, Miles Brewton, Mary Brandford Bull, Elizabeth Izard Blake, Mary Middleton Butler, Thomas Butler, Pierce [Mease] Butler, Sarah Butler Wister, Owen J. Wister, Frances Butler Leigh, and James W. Leigh.
The papers include South Carolina legislature papers, 1775-1805; U.S. Congressional papers, 1789-1800; Bank of the United States papers, 1801-1819; Georgia plantation managers' correspondence, including George Hooper, 1786-1803, Roswell King, 1802-1830, Roswell King, Jr., 1815-1854, Alexander Blue, 1847-1859, and James M. Couper, 1879-1885; plantation crop and livestock reports, 1800-1884; shipping agents' correspondence and accounts, including Harrison & Latham, 1807-1834, Simon Magwood, 1814-1829, John McNish, 1815-1826, Chisholm & Taylor, 1825-1835, and William Lawton, 1847-1857; slave lists, 1775-1815; birth and death lists, 1800-1834; transactions, 1780-1804; wills and estate papers for above-mentioned family members, 1771-1860; deeds and leases, 1782-1786, 1801-1812, 1833-1840, 1865-1886; Pennsylvania property correspondence and receipts, including Armstrong County, 1818-1838, Bedford and Cumberland Counties, 1804-1821, Huntington County, 1766-1819, Indiana County, 1815-1821, Jefferson County, 1824-1836, Lycoming County, 1797-1818, and Northumberland County, 1802-1809; Georgia property correspondence, including St. Simon's Island, 1891, Hampton, 1894, and General's Island, 1895-1900; and lawsuits involving Major Pierce Butler, 1780-1830, 1864-1881.